Teng Jiang, Jin-Tai Yu, Ying-Li Wang, Hui-Fu Wang, Wei Zhang, Nan Hu, Lin Tan, Lei Sun, Meng-Shan Tan, Xi-Chen Zhu and Lan Tan Pages 408 - 412 ( 5 )
Emerging evidence indicates that β-arrestin 2, an important regulator of G protein coupled receptors, is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between β -arrestin 2 gene (ARRB2) variation and the risk of late-onset AD (LOAD). A total of 1132 LOAD patients and 1158 healthy controls from the Han Chinese population were included in this study. Initially, four common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs3786047, rs16954146, rs1045280 and rs2271167) were selected by consulting the Han Chinese from Beijing genotype data in HapMap database. Considering the fact that these four SNPs were located in one haplotype block and any two of them were in almost complete linkage disequilibrium (D’=1, r2 ≥0.897), we chose rs1045280 (a coding- synonymous variant) that covered all the common genetic variations in ARRB2 with r2≥ 0.8 as the tag SNP (tSNP) for the subsequent genotyping. Our results showed that the minor allele of rs1045280 was associated with an increased LOAD risk after adjusting for age, gender, educational level, and the apolipoprotein E (APOE) 4 status under dominant (OR=1.291; 95% CI: 1.063-1.568; Bonferroni-corrected P=0.03) and additive (OR=1.269; 95% CI: 1.069-1.507; Bonferroni- corrected P=0.018) models. Meanwhile, when these data were stratified by APOE ε 4 status, this association was evident only in APOE ε 4 carriers (OR=1.617; 95% CI: 1.01-2.588; P=0.045). In summary, this study provide the first evidence that the tSNP of ARRB2 significantly increases LOAD risk in Han Chinese, suggesting ARRB2 may represent a susceptibility gene for LOAD.
Alzheimer's disease, association, gene, polymorphism, β -arrestin 2, γ -secretase.
Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, No. 5 Donghai Middle Road, Qingdao 266071, PR China.