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Peripheral Blood Adipokines and Insulin Levels in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease: A Replication Study and Meta-Analysis

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 3 ]


Jing Ma, Wei Zhang, Hui-Fu Wang, Zi-Xuan Wang, Teng Jiang, Meng-Shan Tan, Jin-Tai Yu and Lan Tan   Pages 223 - 233 ( 11 )


Background: Although peripheral blood adipokines and insulin levels have been considered to be biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), previous researches about levels of adipokines and insulin in blood are no conclusive. We designed this meta-analysis to validate whether peripheral adipokines and insulin can be used as a candidate biomarker in AD diagnosis. Methods: We carried out a replication study in serum by ourselves and further conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the different levels of peripheral blood adipokines and insulin between AD patients and controls. In the section of meta-analysis, the pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to compare the levels of adipokines and insulin in different groups. Results: According to our replication study, there is statistically significant lower in the levels of leptin, but conspicuous higher in the levels of adiponectin and insulin in the blood of AD patients than controls. We finally identified four studies for leptin, four studies for adiponectin and eleven studies for insulin. From the random-effect model, the pooled WMD of the levels of leptin, adiponectin and insulin of AD subjects compared with the controls was -3.90 ng/ml (95% CI: [-5.68, -2.13]), 9.42 µg/mL (95% CI: [4.21, 14.62]), and 2.86 µIU/ml (95% CI: [1.21, 4.50]), respectively. Conclusion: Our replication study and meta-analysis support lower levels of leptin and higher levels of adiponectin and insulin in AD patients with respect to controls, and indicate their potential values as important risk factors for AD. Further researches that using standardized assay for leptin, adiponectin, and insulin measurement are still needed to reveal the potential change of peripheral blood leptin, adiponectin, and insulin levels in AD participants.


Alzheimer’s disease, adipokines, leptin, adiponectin, insulin, plasma, serum.


Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, No.5 Donghai Middle Road, Qingdao, Shandong Province 266071, China.

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