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Crossed Cerebellar Diaschisis in Alzheimer’s Disease

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 13 ]

Author(s):

F.E. Reesink*, D. Vállez García, C.A. Sánchez-Catasús, D.E. Peretti, A.T. Willemsen, R. Boellaard, S.K. Meles, R.B. Huitema, B.M. de Jong, R.A. Dierckx and P.P. De Deyn   Pages 1267 - 1275 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: We describe the phenomenon of crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) in four subjects diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) according to the National Institute on Aging - Alzheimer Association (NIA-AA) criteria, in combination with 18F-FDG PET and 11C-PiB PET imaging.

Methods: 18F-FDG PET showed a pattern of cerebral metabolism with relative decrease most prominent in the frontal-parietal cortex of the left hemisphere and crossed hypometabolism of the right cerebellum. 11C-PiB PET showed symmetrical amyloid accumulation, but a lower relative tracer delivery (a surrogate of relative cerebral blood flow) in the left hemisphere. CCD is the phenomenon of unilateral cerebellar hypometabolism as a remote effect of supratentorial dysfunction of the brain in the contralateral hemisphere. The mechanism implies the involvement of the cortico-ponto-cerebellar fibers. The pathophysiology is thought to have a functional or reversible basis but can also reflect in secondary morphologic change. CCD is a well-recognized phenomenon, since the development of new imaging techniques, although scarcely described in neurodegenerative dementias.

Results: To our knowledge this is the first report describing CCD in AD subjects with documentation of both 18F-FDG PET and 11C-PiB PET imaging. CCD in our subjects was explained on a functional basis due to neurodegenerative pathology in the left hemisphere. There was no structural lesion and the symmetric amyloid accumulation did not correspond with the unilateral metabolic impairment.

Conclusion: This suggests that CCD might be caused by non-amyloid neurodegeneration. The pathophysiological mechanism, clinical relevance and therapeutic implications of CCD and the role of the cerebellum in AD need further investigation.

Keywords:

Cerebellar diaschisis (CCD), hypometabolism, supratentorial lesions, contralateral, dementia, Alzheimer's disease.

Affiliation:

Department of Neurology, Alzheimer Research Center, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Nuclear medicine and Molecular Imaging, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Nuclear medicine and Molecular Imaging, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Nuclear medicine and Molecular Imaging, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Nuclear medicine and Molecular Imaging, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Nuclear medicine and Molecular Imaging, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Neurology, Alzheimer Research Center, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Neurology, Alzheimer Research Center, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Neurology, Alzheimer Research Center, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Nuclear medicine and Molecular Imaging, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, Department of Neurology, Alzheimer Research Center, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen



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