Christian Humpel* Pages 172 - 181 ( 10 )
Transgenic mice have been extensively used to study the Alzheimer pathology. In order to reduce, refine and replace (3Rs) the number of animals, ex vivo cultures are used and optimized. Organotypic brain slices are the most potent ex vivo slice culture models, keeping the 3-dimensional structure of the brain and being closest to the in vivo situation. Organotypic brain slice cultures have been used for many decades but were mainly prepared from postnatal (day 8-10) old rats or mice. More recent work (including our lab) now aims to culture organotypic brain slices from adult mice including transgenic mice. Especially in Alzheimer´s disease research, brain slices from adult transgenic mice will be useful to study beta-amyloid plaques, tau pathology and glial activation. This review will summarize the studies using organotypic brain slice cultures from adult mice to mimic Alzheimer's disease and will highlight advantages and also pitfalls using this technique.
Organotypic brain slice, transgenic, Alzheimer’s disease, adult mice, chopper slices, vibroslices.
Laboratory of Psychiatry and Experimental Alzheimer’s Research, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck