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Probable Novel PSEN1 Gln222Leu Mutation in a Chinese Family with Early-Onset Alzheimer's Disease

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Huayuan Wang, Ruihua Sun, Yingying Shi, Mingrong Xia, Jing Zhao, Miaomiao Yang, Limin Ma, Yajing Sun, Gai Li, Haohan Zhang, Weiwei Qin and Jiewen Zhang*   Pages 764 - 769 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background:The rate of occurrence of Alzheimer’s disease is increasing around the world. However, there is still no significant breakthrough in the study of its etiology and pathogenesis.

Objective:To screen Alzheimer's disease pathogenic genes, which may be conducive to the elucidation of the pathogenic mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease And predict the pathogenicity by various computer software.

Method:Clinical and neuroimaging examination, Whole Exome Sequencing, and Sanger sequencing were performed in the proband. Mutation sites were verified in 158 subjects.

Results:We reported a proband carrying a probably novel pathogenic mutation, which clinically manifests as progressive memory loss, visual-spatial disorders, apraxia, psychobehavioral disorders, and temperamental and personality changes. Whole Exome Sequencing detected a novel missense mutation at codon 222 (Q222L), which is a heterozygous A to T point mutation at position 665 (c.665A>T) in exon 5 of the presenilin 1 leading to a glutamine-to-leucine substitution. The mutation was also identified by Sanger sequencing in one family member; nevertheless, it was not detected in the other 7 unaffected family members, 50 sporadic Alzheimer's disease patients and 100 control subjects.

Conclusion:A novel mutation in exon 5 of the presenilin 1 gene (Gln222Leu) in a Chinese family with early-onset Alzheimer’s disease has been reported, besides, it was predicted that the missense mutation was probably a novel pathogenic mutation that was reported for the first time in a Chinese family with early-onset Alzheimer’s disease.

Keywords:

Early-onset Alzheimer's disease, familial, mutation, PSEN1 Gln222Leu mutation, dementia, memory loss.

Affiliation:

Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan



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