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Understanding the Obstacles to Uptake of Intervention Programmes and Services for Persons with Dementia

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Ha N.H. Lien, Emily J. Koh and Philip L.K. Yap*   Pages 526 - 533 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Utilisation of intervention programmes and services for Persons with Dementia (PWD) has been generally modest despite the growing numbers. One reason has been the lack of knowledge about dementia and information on such services.

Objective: We sought to close this gap by providing caregivers with an information session about dementia and the importance and availability of related services. We explored the uptake of intervention programmes and services and reasons for non-uptake thereafter.

Methods: Two hundred and seventy-five PWD and caregiver dyads attended the Dyad Education and Empowerment Programme (DEEP). At the DEEP, while caregivers underwent an information session, PWD were assessed by a multidisciplinary team on their need and suitability for programmes and services such as daycare, cognitive engagement programmes and physical rehabilitation. The dyads then received individualized recommendations on the appropriate services, if any. Follow-up through medical records review and phone calls was conducted one month after DEEP to ascertain if the dyads had acted upon the recommendations and if not, what difficulties they encountered.

Results: One hundred and eleven PWD received recommendations, of which 40 (36.0%) agreed and enrolled in the services while 71 (64%) declined. Thematic analysis of the reasons for non-uptake revealed 3 themes: PWD-related factors (e.g., refusal, functional improvement or decline), caregiverrelated factors (adequacy of care at home, other care arrangements), and service-related factors (e.g., cost, timing).

Conclusion: Despite adequate information, there are other reasons for non-uptake of dementia- related services, some of which should be addressed to improve service updates and to provide better care for PWD.

Keywords:

Persons with dementia, intervention programmes and services, service non-uptake, homecare, integrated care, dementia- friendly community.

Affiliation:

Geriatric Education and Research Institute, Singapore, 2 Yishun Central 2, S768024, Geriatric Education and Research Institute, Singapore, 2 Yishun Central 2, S768024, Geriatric Education and Research Institute, Singapore, 2 Yishun Central 2, S768024



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