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The Association between TNF-alpha, IL-1 alpha and IL-10 with Alzheimer's Disease

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 11 ]

Author(s):

Marija Culjak, Matea N. Perkovic, Suzana Uzun, Dubravka S. Strac, Gordana N. Erjavec, Mirjana B. Leko, Goran Simic, Lucija Tudor, Marcela Konjevod, Oliver Kozumplik, Ninoslav Mimica and Nela Pivac*   Pages 972 - 984 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: Sporadic Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is assumed to be associated with different biological/genetic vulnerability, as well as with neuroinflammation, mediated by cytokines. The present study evaluated the role of cytokines in AD.

Objective: The aim was to determine the possible association of TNF-α (rs1800629), IL1-α (rs1800587) and IL-10 (rs1800896) polymorphisms with AD, and to assess serum TNF-α, IL-1α and IL-10 concentrations in patients with AD and in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

Methods: The study included 645 Caucasian participants: 395 subjects with AD and 250 subjects with MCI. Genotyping was performed using real-time PCR in all 645 subjects, while serum concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1α and IL-10 and were determined using ELISA in 174 subjects.

Results: The frequency of the TNF-α rs1800629, IL1-α rs1800587 or IL-10 rs1800896 genotypes did not differ significantly between patients with AD and MCI. Serum concentration of IL-1α and IL-10 were significantly decreased, while the concentration of TNF-α was significantly higher in patients with AD than in MCI subjects. TNF-α, IL1-α or IL-10 concentrations were similar in subjects with AD or MCI subdivided into carriers of the corresponding TNF-α rs1800629, IL1-α rs1800587 or IL-10 rs1800896 genotypes.

Conclusion: Similar distribution of the IL1-α rs1800587, TNF-α rs1800629 or IL-10 rs1800896 genotypes in subjects with AD and MCI failed to confirm that these specific risk genotypes are associated with vulnerability to develop AD. Alteration in IL-1α, IL-10 and TNF-α concentrations in patients with AD partially confirmed the association with the neuroinflammatory response in AD.

Keywords:

Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, TNF-α rs1800629, IL1-α rs1800587, IL-10 rs1800896, IL-1α, IL-10, TNF-α.

Affiliation:

Department of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Center Sestre Milosrdnice, Zagreb, Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Department for Biological Psychiatry and Psychogeriatry, University Hospital Vrapce, Zagreb, Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Department for Neuroscience, Croatian Institute for Brain Research, University of Zagreb Medical School, Zagreb, Department for Neuroscience, Croatian Institute for Brain Research, University of Zagreb Medical School, Zagreb, Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Department for Biological Psychiatry and Psychogeriatry, University Hospital Vrapce, Zagreb, Department for Biological Psychiatry and Psychogeriatry, University Hospital Vrapce, Zagreb, Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb



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