L. A. Munishkina, A. L. Fink and V. N. Uversky Pages 252 - 260 ( 9 )
To better model the characteristics of crowded intracellular environments, we examined the effect of several factors known to induce partial folding and accelerated fibrillation of α-synuclein in dilute solutions, on the fibrillation of this protein in a crowded milieu. We found that low pH, certain metals and pesticides, polyanions, polycations and low concentrations of organic solvents cause a significant acceleration of α-synuclein fibrillation in the presence of high concentrations of polyethylene glycol. This suggests that the fibril-promoting effects of factors inducing partial folding of α- synuclein and the fibril-stimulating effects of macromolecular crowding are relatively independent and thus might act additively or even synergistically.
Parkinson's disease, -synuclein, crowding, fibrillation, aggregation, metals, pesticides, organic solvent, polycations, GAGs
Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 410 W. 10th Street, HS 5009, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.