Jaromir Horecky, Anna Gvozdjakova, Jarmila Kucharska, Mark E. Obrenovich, Hector H. Palacios, Yi Li, Ol'ga Vancova and Gjumrakch Aliev Pages 868 - 875 ( 8 )
It is known that oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction both play an important role in animal models of brain ischemia. The present study was undertaken to test whether oral supplementation of coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) or creatine citrate could protect against brain ischemia-induced mitochondrial damage in the rats model. Brain ischemia was induced for 50 minutes with three-vessel occlusion (3-VO). Coenzyme Q10 was administered for 30 days before the ischemic event and coenzyme Q10 or creatine citrate for 30 days post-ischemia. Moreover, the concentrations of coenzyme Q10 and α-, γ- tocopherols as well as the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were measured in brain mitochondria and in plasma. Transient hypoperfusion revealed significant impairment in brain energy metabolism as detected by mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation as well as decreased concentrations of brain and plasma endogenous antioxidants and increased formation of TBARS in plasma. When compared with the ischemic group, supplementation of coenzyme Q10 was ineffective as a preventive agent. However, the positive effect of therapeutic coenzyme Q10 supplementation was supported by the oxygen consumption values (p < 0.05) and ATP production (p < 0.05) in brain mitochondria, as well as by increased concentration of coenzyme Q9 (p < 0.05) and concentration of α-tocopherol (p < 0.05) in brain mitochondria and by increased concentration of α-tocopherol (p < 0.05) and γ-tocopherol in plasma. This suggests that coenzyme Q10 therapy involves resistance to oxidative stress and improved brain bioenergetics, when supplemented during reperfusion after ischemic brain injury.
Three-vessel occlusion, OXPHOS, 31P MRS, endogenous antioxidants, coenzyme Q10, creatine, vascular dementia, Gjumrakch Aliev, ROS-mediated damage, creatine citrate supplementation
School of Health Science and Healthcare Administration, University of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA 30360, USA.